Japanese Language Lessons.
 
LESSON 4 - Discussing the Weather
This lesson will teach you how to greet and to carry out a conversation in Japanese. In this dialog, Yota Suzuki and Jason Miller meet for the first time at Jason's house in Tokyo.
 
 

Dialog.
 
  Yota: Miraa-san, Shibaraku desu ne.  
    Mr. Miller, it's been a long time.  
  Jason: Aa, Suzuki-san, kon'nichiwa.  
    Oh, Mr. Suzuki, hello.  
  Yota: Ogenki desu ka.  
    Are you in good spirits? (are you healthy?)  
  Jason: Hai, genki desu.  
    Yes, I am.  
  Yota: Saikin isogashii desu ka.  
    Have you been busy lately?  
  Jason: Ee, chotto isogashii desu.  
    Yes, I am a little busy.  
  Yota: Kyoo wa ii tenki desu ne.  
    It's nice weather today, isn't it.  
  Jason: Hai, demo chotto atsui desu ne.  
    Yes, but it is a little hot.  
  Yota: Soo desu ne. Ima Amerika mo atsui desu ka.  
    So it is. Is it also hot in the United States now?  
  Jason: Hai, atsui deshoo.  
    Yes. It is probably hot.  
  Yota: Amerika no fuyu wa samui desu ka.  
    Is it cold in the winter in the United States?  
  Jason: Ee. Watashi wa Shiatoru-umare desu ga, totemo samui desu yo.  
    Yes. My home is in Seattle, it is very cold.  
Listen Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

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Vocabulary.
 
shibaraku it's been a long time
ne (particle used when expecting agreement)
Aa Oh!
O-genki feeling in good spirits (formal)
genki feeling in good spirits (informal)
saikin recently
isogashii busy
chotto a little
kyoo today
tenki weather
ii good
demo but
atsui hot
Soo desu ne so it is; yes (an expression of agreement)
ima now
deshoo (form of desu) it is probably
fuyu winter
samui cold
ee yes (more information than hai)
totemo very
yo (particle used for emphasis)
Listen Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

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Grammar.
 
1. Miraa-san, shibaraku desu ne.
 

The sentence means "Mr. Miller, it's been a long time". Shibaraku is used when two people who know each other meet after not seeing each other for a significant amount of time. Ne is added to the end of the sentence when expecting agreement.

 
Examples: Moriyama-san, shibaraku desu ne.
(Mr. Moriyama, it's been a long time.)
  Sumisu-san, shibaraku desu ne.
(Mr. Smith, it's been a long time.)

 
 
2. Ee, chotto isogashii desu. / Ee, totemo isogashii desu.
 

The first sentence means "Yes, I am a little busy." The second sentence means "Yes, I am very busy." Chotto is a descriptive that means "a little". It can be added to any adjective to de-emphasize an expression. Totemo is the opposite; it means "very". It can be added to any adjective to emphasize an expression . Totemo is used to really emphasize an expression.

 
Examples: Ee, chotto samui des.
(Yes, it is a little cold.)
  Ee, totemo samui desu.
(Yes, it is very cold.)

 

Here you learn a new sentence pattern: Noun wa Adjective desu. It is almost the same as noun wa noun desu in the present tense.

 
Examples: Kyoo wa samui desu.
(Today, it is cold.)
  Anata wa isogashii desu ka.
(Are you busy?)

 
 
3. Kyoo wa ii tenki desu ne.
 

The sentence above means "The weather is pleasant today." Kyoo wa is the topic and is used to emphasize that the following sentence refers to this day. Ii tenki is a frequently used expression in conversation. Usually, comments about the weather immediately follow a greeting.

 
Examples: Kyoo wa totemo atsui desu.
(It is very hot today.)
  Kyoo wa chotto atsui desu.
(It is a little hot today.)

 
 
4. Soo desu ne.
 

This expression means "So it is", "Yes, it is", or simply "yes". It is used frequently in conversation to agree. Soo desu ka is a variation meaning "Oh, really?" and is used when the speaker is hearing new information.

 
Examples: Tanaka-san wa Kyooto-umare desu ne.
(Mr. Tanaka is from Kyoto, isn't he?)
  Soo desu ne.
(Yes, he is. [He refers back to the previous statement.])

 
 
5. Ima, America mo atsui desu ka.
 

This sentence means "Is it also hot in the United States now?" Ima means "now" and is used often to emphasize an occurrence that is happening at this point in time.

 
Examples: Ima, Waataman-san wa daigaku-sei desu.
(Mr. Waterman is a college student now.)
  Ima, Doitsu mo samui desu ka.
(Is it also cold in Germany now?)

 
6. Hai, atsui deshoo.
 

This sentence means "Yes, it is probably hot". Deshoo is a variation of desu and means "it is probably". In this sentence, Jason is commenting that he thinks it is hot in the United States now because of past experience. He uses deshoo because he is not positive since he is not there at this moment.

 
Examples: Waarasu-san wa Rondon-umare deshoo.
(Mr. Wallace is probably from London.)
  Are wa Akutsu-san no kamera deshoo.
(That camera over there is probably Mr. Akutsu's.)

 
7. Ee, Totemo samui desu yo.
 

This sentence means "Yes, it is very cold". The particle yo is used to emphasize a statement. This should be used with caution as sometimes, it may be considered rude or impolite. It should only be used with someone that the speaker knows well. Ee is a more informal way of saying "yes" than hai.

 
Examples: Ee, ano hito wa Shaafu-san desu.
(Yes, that person over there is Mr. Shauf.)
  Ee, totemo atsui desu, yo.
(Yes, it is very hot.)

Listen Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file)

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Drill.
 

A. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate words.
1. Suzuki-san, (   ).     (It has been a long time.)

2. Saikin (   ) desu ka.     (busy).

3. Ee, (   ) desu.     (a little busy)

4. Kyoo wa (   ) tenki desu ne.     (bad)

5. Amerika (   ) samui desu.     (also)
B. Answer the following questions according the question given.
1. Ogenki desu ka.
2. Saikin isogashii desu ka.
3. Kyoo wa ii tenki desu ne.
4. Amerika mo atsui desu ka.
5. Nihon mo atsui desu ka.
answer Click here to check the answers!!

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