Japanese Language Lessons.
 
Romaji for LESSON 10 - Days of the Month
Mr. Miller and Mr. Suzuki are talking about the date.

 
 

Dialog.
 
  Miller: Kyoo wa nan nichi desu ka.  
    What day is it today?  
  Suzuki: Kyoo wa shi gatsu tsuitachi desu.  
    Today is April 1st.  
  Miller: Kondo no doyoobi wa itsuka desu ne.  
    This coming Saturday is the 5th, isn't it?  
  Suzuki: Hai, soo desu. dooshite desu ka.  
    Yes, it is. How come?  
  Miller: Tomodachi ga amerika kara kimasu.  
    A friend is coming from America.  
  Suzuki: Soo desu ka. Nan nichi gurai ni nihon imasu ka.  
    Is that so? About how long is he staying?  
  Miller: Ni shuu kan desu.  
    For two weeks.  
  Suzuki: Miraa san wa moo dono gurai nihon ni imasu ka.  
    Mr. Miller, how much longer will you be in Japan?  
  Miller: Rokka getsu desu.  
    Six months.  
  Suzuki: Nihon wa doo desu ka.  
    How is Japan?  
  Miller: Tanoshii desu.  
    It is fun.  
  Suzuki: Nihongo ga joozu ni narimashita ne.  
    Your Japanese has gotten really good.  
  Miller: Iie, demo motto renshuu shitai desu.  
    Not at all, but I still want to practice more.  
Listen Listen to Dialog up to this point. (.wav file)

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Vocabulary.
 
nan nichi what day
nichi day
doyoobi Saturday
mou still
dono gurai about how much, about how many
joozu skillful, good at
motto more
Days of the Week
getsu-yoobi Monday
ka-yoobi Tuesday
sui-yoobi Wednesday
moku-yoobi Thursday
kin-yoobi Friday
do-yoobi Saturday
nichi-yoobi Sunday
Dates of the Month
Note: most dates are just the number plus "nichi". Following are the exceptions!
tsuitachi first
futsuka second
mikka third
yokka fourth
itsuka fifth
muika sixth
nanoka seventh
yooka eighth
kokonoka ninth
tooka tenth
juuyokka fourteenth
hatsuka twentieth
Months of the Year
ichi-gatsu January
ni-gatsu February
san-gatsu March
shi-gatsu April
go-gatsu May
roku-gatsu June
shichi-gatsu July
hachi-gatsu August
ku-gatsu September
juu-gatsu October
juuichi-gatsu November
juuni-gatsu December
Listen Listen to Vocabulary. (.wav file)

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Grammar.
 
1. There are three main verbs of existence in Japanese:
 

(desu), (imasu), (arimasu). These are all forms of the verb to be. "Desu" is the all-encompassing verb to be, which can be conjugated similar to English (I am, you are, he/she/it is, we are, you are, they are) taking both animate and inamimate nouns as well as adjectives. ~imasu and ~arimasu both mean There is ` or There are`, however, the subjects in sentences using these verbs are restricted. "Imasu" (which can also be translated as I am, They are, etc.) refers to humans or animals whereas "arimasu" refers to inanimate objects. In many cases, the verb "arimasu" can also mean to have.

 
Examples of "desu": Watashi wa Amerika jin desu.
(I am an American.)
  Kyoo was nan nichi desu ka.
(What day is it today?)
  Atsui desu ne.
(It's hot, isn't it?)
  Kore ha hon desu.
(This is a book.)
  Anata wa ii gakusei desu.
(You are a good student.)
  Nihon wa doo desu kka.
(How is Japan?)
Examples of "imasu": Watashi wa ima gakkoo ni imasu.
(I am at school now.)
  Nihon ni Amerika jin ga takusan imasu.
(There are a lot of Americans in Japan.)
  Imootosan wa ie ni imasuka.
(Is your sister at home?)
  Inu wa isu no ue ni imasu.
(The dog is on top of the chair.)
  Nan nichi gurai nihon ni imasu ka.
(About how long will you be in Japan?)
Examples of "arimasu": Kyooto ni furui tera ga takusan arimasu.
(There are a lot of temples in Kyoto.)
  Pen ga arimasu ka.
(Do you have a pen?)
  Kondo no getsuyoobi ni shiken ga arimasu.
(I have a test this coming Monday.)

 
 
2. Nihongo ga jooju ni narimashita ne.
 

This sentence means Your Japanese has gotten really good. In this sentence, the key verb is "narimasu" which means to become and is a very common verb used in Japan.

 
 
 
3. Demo, motto renshuu shitai desu
 

This sentence has been translated as I want to practice more. "renshuu shitai desu." means I want to practice. "~ verb + tai desu" means (I) want to do `.

 
Listen Listen to the sentences in Grammar notes. (.wav file)

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